BiographyPublicationsCoursesCase Studies Education: B.A., Duke University; Ph.D., Washington UniversityR. Edward Freeman joined the Darden School of Business Administration in 1987. Currently he is University Professor and Elis and Signe Olsson Professor of Business Administration; Senior Fellow at the Olsson Center for Applied Ethics ; Academic Director of the Business Roundtable Institute for Corporate Ethics ; and Darden's Institute for Business in Society (IBiS) . Freeman is also a professor of religious studies and a faculty advisor to UVA's Institute for Practical Ethics and adjunct professor of stakeholder management. In March 2010, the University of Virginia Board of Visitors named Freeman as a University Professor. Freeman is the first faculty member in Darden's history to be given this rare honor, accorded to less than 20 professors among the more than 2,200 professors at UVA.Before coming to the Darden School, Freeman taught at the University of Minnesota and the Wharton School. His book, Managing for Stakeholders: Survival, Reputation and Success , was published in 2007 by Yale University Press. His latest book, Stakeholder Theory: The State of the Art , was published by Cambridge University Press in 2010. He is the author or editor of more than 20 volumes in the areas of stakeholder management, business strategy and business ethics as well as more than 100 articles in a wide variety of publications. At its 2010 annual meeting, the Society for Business Ethics gave its "Outstanding Contributions to Scholarship Award" to Freeman, noting that there were more than 12,000 citations to his work on stakeholder theory.Freeman is perhaps best known for his award-winning book Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach , originally published in 1984 and reprinted 2010 by Cambridge University Press, in which he suggests that businesses build their strategy around their relationships with key stakeholders. In 2008, Freeman received an honorary doctorate (Doctor Honoris Causa) from Universidad Pontificia Comillas in Spain for his work on stakeholder theory and business ethics. He has received a number of awards for teaching excellence from the Wharton School, Carlson School of Management at the University of Minnesota and the Darden School. In 1993, he was chosen for the Outstanding Faculty Award by the Darden student body; in 2001, he was honored by the World Resources Institute and the Aspen Institute with a Pioneer Award for Lifetime Achievement; and in 2005, he received the Outstanding Faculty Award from the Virginia State Council on Higher Education.In 1991, 1998, 2002, 2004, 2007 and 2008, he was selected by the graduating class of the Darden School to be a faculty marshall. Freeman teaches the popular "Leadership & Theater: Ethics, Innovation, and Creativity" course each spring. Visit the course webpage and watch the documentary on the spring 2010 course.Selected PublicationsR. Edward Freeman , Robert Strand, and Kai Hockerts. "Editors Note" to "Scandinavian Stakeholder Thinking" by Juha Nasi, Journal of Business Ethics , forthcoming in 2014.R. Edward Freeman . "Stakeholders and the Future of Business" forthcoming in 2014 in a book by Deutsches Post DHL, Delivering Tomorrow .Krehmeyer, D. and R. Edward Freeman . "Three Problems in Corporate Governance," forthcoming in a textbook by Tim Fort in 2014. Freeman, R.E. and Mark E. Haskins. "A Step-by-Step Process for Transforming Contentious Disagreements into Creative Collaboration," (with R. E. Freeman ), Strategy & Leadership , (Vol. 42, No. 3, 2014), pp. 15-22.R. Edward Freeman . "Foreword" in Atle Midttun (ed), CSR and Beyond: A Nordic Perspective, J W Cappelens Forlag AS, Norway, 2013, pp.15-16.R. Edward Freeman . "Foreword" to Sybille Sachs and Edwin Ruhle, Stakeholders Matters: A New Paradigm for Strategy in Society , Cambridge University Press, 2013. R. Edward Freeman . "Foreword" to Edwin Hartman, Virtue in Business , Cambridge University Press, 2013.R. Edward Freeman . "Foreword" to Samuel F. Mansell, Capitalism, Corporations and the Social Contrac t, Cambridge University Press, 2013.Auster, Ellen R. and R. Edward Freeman . "Values and Poetic Organizations: Beyond Value Fit Toward Values Through Conversation," Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 113.1, pp 39-49.Freeman, R. Edward and Alexander Moutchnik. "Stakeholder Management and CSR: Questions and Answers", UmweltWirtschaftsForum 2013 (1), Vol. 21, pp. 5-9.Freeman, R. Edward . "Bowie's Ethics: A Pragmatist Perspective," in Arnold and Harris (eds.) Kantian Business Ethics: A Critical Perspective , Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (2012): p. 35-47.Freeman, R. Edward . "Business Should be Driven by Purpose," Forbes India , 2012 Annual Review Issue.Freeman, R. Edward and Dean Krehmeyer. "Consulting and Ethics," in The Oxford Handbook of Management Consulting , 2012, pp. 487-498.Freeman, R. Edward . "Interview: My Experience with Business Ethics," Multidisciplinary Journal of Applied Ethics , Vol. 1, No. 1 (2012): p. 2-5.Freeman, R. Edward , G. Rusconi, S. Signori, and A. Strudler. "Stakeholder Theory(ies): Ethical Ideas and Managerial Action," Journal of Business Ethics , Vol. 109, No.1 (2012): p. 1-2.Freeman, R. Edward and Lauren Purnell. "Stakeholder Theory, Fact/Value Dichotomy & The Normative Core: How Wall Street Stops the Ethics Conversation," Journal of Business Ethics , Vol. 109, No. 1 (2012): p. 109-116.Freeman, R. Edward . Guest co-editor, "Special Issue on Stakeholder Theory(ies): Ethical Ideas and Managerial Action," Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 109, No. 1, (2012).Freeman, R. Edward . Guest co-editor, Multidisciplinary Journal for Applied Ethics , inaugural issue on Business Ethics and Responsibility in the Very Core of a Business, Vol. 1, No. 1, (2012).R. Edward Freeman, Andrew C. Wicks, and Bidhan Parmar. "Stakeholder Theory as a Basis for Capitalism," in Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance: The Contribution of Economic Theory and Related Disciplines , L. Saccone, M. Blair, and R. Edward Freeman (Editors), New York, NY: IEA Palgrave MacMillan, 2011, 52-72. R. Edward Freeman . "Stakeholder Management and Reputation." in Values and Ethics in the 21st Century , Madrid: BBVA Foundation, 2011, 433-457. Published simultaneously in English and Spanish.R. Edward Freeman, Jose Luis Retolaza and Leire San-Jose. "Stakeholders: El Caso Etxanobe Como Ejemplo de Creacion de Valor," in XXV Congreso Annual de Aedem Ponencia, 2011, Spanish only.R. Edward Freeman and Michelle Greenwood. "Ethics and HRM: The Contribution of Stakeholder Theory," Business & Professional Ethics Journal , Vol. 30, Nos 3-4, 2011, 269-292.R. Edward Freeman, Adrian Keevil and Lauren Purnell. "Poor People and the Politics of Capitalism," Business & Professional Ethics Journal, Vol. 30, Nos 3-4, 2011.R. Edward Freeman and Ellen R. Auster. "Values, Authenticity and Responsible Leadership," Journal of Business Ethics, 98 (S1): 15-23.Freeman, R. Edward and David Newkirk. "Business School Research: Some Preliminary Suggestions," in Business Schools Under Fire , edited by Amann, Pirson, et al, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, 273-290.R. Edward Freeman . "Some Thoughts on the Development of Stakeholder Theory," in R. Phillips (ed.) Stakeholder Theory: 25 Years Later , Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, 212-233. R. Edward Freeman , Salme Nasi, and Grant Savage. "Special Issue on Stakeholder Thinking: A Tribute to Juha Nasi," Journal of Business Ethics , Vol. 96 (S1), 2010, 1-1. Maurizio Zollo and Edward Freeman . "Rethinking the Firm in a Post-Crisis World," European Management Review , Vol. 7, No. 4, Winter 2010, 191-194.Bidhan L. Parmar, R. Edward Freeman , Jeffrey S. Harrison, Andrew C. Wicks, Lauren Purnell, and Simone de Colle. "Stakeholder Theory: The State of the Art," The Academy of Management Annals , Vol. 4, No. 1, July 2010, 403-445.R. Edward Freeman . "Managing for Stakeholders: Tradeoffs or Value Creation," Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 96, No. 96.1, 2010, 7-9.Lisa Stewart and R. Edward Freeman . "Assessing Business Ethics Education--From Where and For What," in Toward Assessing Business Ethics Education , Diane L. Swanson and Dann G. Fisher, Information Age Publishing, November 2010.Robert A. Phillips and R. Edward Freeman . "Introduction" in Stakeholders , Robert A. Phillips and R. Edward Freeman (Editors), Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010.R. Edward Freeman . "Remoralizing the Debate," IESI Business Insight , First Quarter 2010, 6.R. Edward Freeman, James Rubin, and Brian Moriarty. "Corporate Communications, Value Creation, and Trust-A Stakeholder Approach," in Danish Handbook of Public Relations, H. Merkelsen (Editor), 2010 ; [ "Et Stakeholderperspektiv pa corporate communication, vaerdiskabelse og tillid," in Handbog I strategisk Public Relations, Henrik Merkelsen (Editor), Frederiksberg: Samfundslitteratur, 2010]. R. Edward Freeman . "Can Stakeholder Theorists Seize the Moment?," Journal of Corporate Citizenship , Issue 26, Winter 2009, 21-24.R. Edward Freeman , Jeffrey York, and Lisa Stewart. "Nuture Your Money Plant Towards Sustainability," The Human Factor (India), June 2009, 62-65.R. Edward Freeman and Brian Moriarty. "Really Getting Out of the Mess," In the Black , Trinity College, Melbourne magazine, September 2009 and in Darden Alumni e-report , June 2009.R. Edward Freeman . "Stakeholder Theory: 25 Years Later," Philosophy of Management , Vol. 8, No. 3, 2009, 97-107.R. Edward Freeman , Lisa Stewart, and Brian Moriarty. "Teaching Business Ethics in the Age of Madoff," Change , November-December 2009.R. Edward Freeman and Jared Harris. "Ties that Bind," Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 88, Supplement 4, October 2009, 685-692.R. Edward Freeman , Dean Krehmeyer, and Brian Moriarty. "Developing and Sustaining an Ethical and Moral Tone in Organizations," in ThePeak Performing Organizations , Cary L. Cooper and Ronald J.Burke (Edtiors), New York, Routledge, January 2009, 217-233. R. Edward Freeman , Brian Moriarty, and Lisa A. Stewart. "Ethical Leadership," in Research Companion to Corruption in Organizations , Ronald J. Burke and Cary L. Cooper (Editors), London: Edward Elgar Press, December 2009, 192-205. Susan S. Harmeling, Saras D. Sarasvathy, and R. Edward Freeman . "Related debates in ethics and entrepreneurship: Values, opportunities and contingency," Journal of Business Ethics , Vol. 84, No. 3, February 2009, 341-365. R. Edward Freeman and David Newkirk. "Business As a Human Activity," in Rethinking Business Management: Examining The Foundations of Business Education , Samuel Gregg and James R. Stoner, Jr., (Editors), ISI Distributed Titles, 2nd edition, April 2008.Robert Phillips and R. Edward Freeman . "Corporate Citizenship and Community Stakeholders," in Handbook of Research on Global Corporate Citizenship, Andreas Georg Scherer and Guido Palazzo (Editors), Edward Elgar Publisher, September 2008.Bradley R. Agle, Thomas Donaldson, R. Edward Freeman, Michael C. Jensen, Ronald K. Mitchell, and Donna J. Wood. "Dialogue: Toward Superior Stakeholder Theory," Business Ethics Quarterly, Vol. 18, No. 2, April 2008, 153-190.Laura Dunham, John McVea, and R. Edward Freeman . "Enterpreneurial Wisdom: Incorporating the ethical and strategic dimensions of entrepreneurial decision making," International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business , Vol. 6, No. 1, 2008, 8-19.R. Edward Freeman and Bidhan Parmar. "Stakeholder Theory," in The A-Z of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Complete Reference Guideto Concepts, Code and Organisations , by Wayne Visser, Dirk Matten, Manfred Pohl, and Nick Tolhurst, UK: Wiley, February 2008, 56-66. George W. Watson, R. Edward Freeman , and Bobby Parmar. "Connected Moral Agency in Organizational Ethics," Journal of Business Ethics , Vol. 81, No. 2, August 2008, 323-341.R. Edward Freeman . "Managing for Stakeholders," in Ethical Theory and Business--A Stakeholder Theory of the Modern Corporation , Tom L. Beauchamp, Norman Bowie, and Denis Arnold, 8th Edition, Prentice Hall, February 2008. Selected BooksFreeman, R. Edward , Lorenzo Sacconi, Margaret Blair, and Alessandro Vercelli. Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance: The Contribution of Economic Theory and Related Disciplines . London: Palgrave Press, 2011.Freeman, R. Edward and Robert A. Phillips, eds. Stakeholders . Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010.Freeman, R. Edward, Jeffrey S. Harrison, Andrew C. Wicks, Bidhan L. Parmar, and Simone de Colle. Stakeholder Theory: The State of the Art , Cambridge University Press, 2010.Freeman, R. Edward . Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach, 25 th -Anniversary Reissue Edition. Cambridge University Press, 2010.Wicks, Andrew C., R. Edward Freeman, Patricia H. Werhane, and Kristen E. Martin. Business Ethics: A Managerial Approach , Prentice Hall, 2009. MBA CoursesCourse Head, First Year Business Ethics Leadership and Theater Creative Capitalism Business ProjectsExecutive Education CoursesEmerging Political LeadersAdvancing knowledge through research that shapes business, Darden professors are recognized thought leaders in their fields. They are not only master case method teachers, they also author many of the cases used in Darden classrooms and around the world.R. Edward Freeman's cases are available in the Darden Business Publishing website.