BiographyPublicationsCoursesCase Studies Education: B.Com., University of Bombay, India; MSIA, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon UniversityProfessor Saras D. Sarasvathy is a member of the Strategy, Entrepreneurship and Ethics area and teaches courses in entrepreneurship and ethics in Darden's MBA program. In addition, she teaches in doctoral programs not only at Darden, but also in Denmark, India, Croatia and South Africa. In 2007, Sarasvathy was named one of the top 18 entrepreneurship professors by Fortune Small Business magazine.A leading scholar on the cognitive basis for high-performance entrepreneurship, Sarasvathy serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Business Venturing and the Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, and is advisor to entrepreneurship education programs in Europe and Asia. Her scholarly work has won several awards, including the 2001 William H. Newman Award from the Academy of Management and the 2009 Gerald E. Hills Best Paper Award from the American Marketing Association. Her book Effectuation: Elements of Entrepreneurial Expertise ( book overview ) was nominated for the 2009 Terry Book Award by the Academy of Management.Effectuation is widely acclaimed as a rigorous framework for understanding the creation and growth of new organizations and markets. The research program based on effectuation involves over a dozen scholars from around the world whose published and working papers can be found at www.effectuation.org . Sarasvathy has also developed several cases and other instructional materials to teach effectuation. A new textbook, along with an open source instructor website, is currently in the works.In addition to a master's degree in industrial administration, Saras received her Ph.D. in information systems from Carnegie Mellon University. Her thesis on entrepreneurial expertise was supervised by Herbert Simon, 1978 Nobel Laureate in Economics. Before joining Darden, she was on the faculty of the University of Washington and University of Maryland. Before that, she was part of the founding teams of five entrepreneurial ventures.Click here for her SSRN Author Page and for a video interview with Big Think .Selected PublicationsSarasvathy, S.D. "Competitive advantages and entrepreneurial opportunities," Revue francaise de gestuib (French Journal of Management), forthcoming.Sarasvathy, S.D. "Herbert Simon," in Les grands inspirateurs de la theorie des organisations , G. Olivier Editor, series published by Editions Management et Societe (EMS) France, forthcoming Sarasvathy, S.D. "MAZES without Minotaurs: Herbert Simon and the Sciences of the Artificial," European Management Journal , Vol. 31 (2013): p. 82-87.Kalinic, I., S.D. Sarasvathy and C. Forza. "'Expect the unexpected': Implications of effectual logic on the internationalization process," International Business Review, 23 (3), 635-647. Sarasvathy , S.D. , K. Kumar, J. York, and S. Bhagavatula. "An Effectual Approach to International Entrepreneurship: Overlaps, Challenges, and Provocative Possibilities," Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 38 (1), 71-93. Saras D. Sarasvathy, A. R. Menon, and G. Kuechle. "Failing firms and successful entrepreneurs: Serial entrepreneurship as a temporal portfolio," Small Business Economics , Vol. 40, No. 2, 417-434.Sarasvathy, S.D. "Causation and Effectuation: Toward a Theoretical Shift from Economic Inevitability to Entrepreneurial Contingency," Academy of Management Review , Vol. 26, No. 2 (2013): p. 243-288.Saras D. Sarasvathy and W. Forster. "Entrepreneurial Decision Making," Academy of Management Annals , 2013. Sarasvathy, S.D. and W. Forster. "The Ordinary Entrepreneur," in The Routledge Companian to Entrepreneurship , edited by Friederike Welter and Ted Baker, published by Routledge.Venkataraman, S., Saras D. Sarasvathy , N. Dew and W. Forster. "Of Narratives and Artifacts," Academy of Management Review , Vol. 38, No. 1, (January 2013), p. 163-166.York, Jeffrey, Saras Sarasvathy , and Andrew Wicks. "An Entrepreneurial Perspective on Value Creation in Public Private Ventures," in Academy of Management Review , Vol. 38, No. 2, (2013).Sarasvathy, S.D. and W. Forster. "From Goldilocks to Gump: A Research Agenda for Enterpreneurial Mechanisms Design," in The Routledge Companian to Entrepreneurship, edited by Friederike Welter and Ted Baker, published by Routledge.Harmeling, S. and Saras D. Sarasvathy . "When contingency is a resource: Education entrepreneurs in the Balkans, the Bronx and beyond," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice , July 2013, Vol 37, No 4713-744.De Colle, S., A. Henriques and S.D. Sarasvathy . "The Paradox of CSR Standards," Journal of Business Ethics , (2013).Sarasvathy, Saras D. Danish Translation of "What makes entrepreneurs entrepreneurial," Kognition and Pedagogik . Sarasvathy, Saras D. "Worldmaking." In Advances in Entrepreneurship , Firm Emergence and Growth. Vol. 14, edited by Andrew C. Corbett and Jerome Katz, (2012).Sarasvathy, Saras D. "Corporate Entrepreneurship." In Palgrave Encyclopedia of Strategic Management Theory , edited by David Teece and Mie Augier. (2012).Sarasvathy, Saras D. "Effectuation." In Encyclopedia of Management Theory , edited by Eric Kessler. Sage Publications, (2012).Sarasvathy, Saras D. "Organizational Identification." In Palgrave Encyclopedia of Strategic Management Theory , edited by David Teece and Mie Augier. (2012).Sarasvathy, Saras. D. and S. Read. "Co-creating a course ahead from the intersection of service dominant logic and effectuation," Marketing Theory , Vol. 12, no. 2 (2012): 225-229.Venkataraman, S., Saras D. Sarasvathy , N. Dew, and W. Forster. "Reflections on the 2012 AMR Decade Award: Whither the promise? Moving forward with entrepreneurship as a science of the artificial," Academy of Management Review , Vol. 37, No. 1 (January 2012): p. 21-33.Venkataraman, S., Saras D. Sarasvathy , N. Dew, and W. Forster. "Whither the Promise: Moving Forward with Entrepreneurship as a Science of the Artificial," Academy of Management Review , Vol. 37, No. 1 (January 2012): p. 21-33.Sarasvathy, Saras D. "Effectual Entrepreneurship." In Enterprise and Small Business: Principles, Policy and Practice, edited by Sara Carter and Dylan Jones-Evans. Financial Times. Prentice Hall, (2011). Stuart Read and Saras D. Sarasvathy . "Finding a Niche: Stationery for Gents," Lessons in Entrepreneurship Series, British Airways In-Flight Magazine , November 2011. Stuart Read and Saras D. Sarasvathy . "Recipe for Success ," Lessons in Entrepreneurship Series, British Airways In-Flight Magazine , June 2011.Stuart Read and Saras D. Sarasvathy . "Everyone's Doing It," Lessons in Entrepreneurship Series, British Airways In-flight Magazine , February 2011.Sarasvathy, Saras D. "The Entrepreneurial Firm," in Handbook of Organisational Entrepreneurship , Daniel Hjorth (Editor), Edward Elgar Publications, 2011.Sarasvathy, Saras D. and Nicholas Dew. "Without Judgment: An empirically-based entrepreneurial theory of the firm." Review of Austrian Economics (December 2011): p. 1-20. Sarasvathy, Saras D. , Nicholas Dew, Stuart Read, and Robert Wiltbank. "On the Entrepreneurial Genesis of New Markets: Effectual Transformations Versus Causal Search and Selection." Journal of Evolutionary Economics 21, No. 2 (May 2011): p. 231-253. Sarasvathy, Saras D. and Sankaran Venkataraman. "Entrepreneurship as Method: Open Questions for an Entrepreneurial Future." Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 35, No. 1 (January 2011): p. 113-135.Matthew LA Hayward, William R. Forster, Saras D. Sarasvathy , and Barbara L. Frederickson. "Beyond hubris: How highly confident entrepreneurs rebound for new venture formation and success," Journal of Business Venturing , Vol. 25, No. 6, November 2010, 569-578. Saras D. Sarasvathy, Nicholas Dew, R. Velamuri, S. Venkartaraman. "Three Views of Entrepreneurial Opportunity," in Handbook of Entrepreneurship: An Interdisciplinary Survey and Introduction, Zoltan J. Acs and David B. Audretsch (Editors), 2nd Edition, Springer, August 2010, 77-96. Desirée F. Pacheco, Jeffrey G. York, Thomas J. Dean, and Saras D. Sarasvathy . "The Coevolution of Institutional Entrepreneurship: A Tale of Two Theories," Journal of Management , Vol. 36, No. 4, July 2010, 974-1010.S. D. Sarasvathy , N. Dew, and M. Ventresca. "Making waves: Unpacking entrepreneurship as collective activity," in Advances in Entrepreneurship, Firm Emergence, and Growth , Jerome Katz, Thomas G. Lumpkin, and Alex Steward, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, June 2010. S.D. Sarasvathy and H. Berglund. "On the relevance of decision making in entrepreneurial decision making," in Historical Foundations of Entrepreneurship Research , Hans Landstrom and Franz Lohrke (Editors), Edward Elgar, December 2010. Nicholas Dew, Saras Sarasvathy , Stuart Read, and Robert. Wiltbank. "Affordable Loss: Behavioral economic aspects of the plunge decision," Strategic Entrepreneurial Journal , Vol. 3, No. 2, June 2009, 105-126.Stuart Read and Saras D. Sarasvathy . "Crisis? What crisis?," Lessons in Entrepreneurship, British Airways In-flight Magazine, March 2009.Stuart Read and Saras D. Sarasvathy . "Dark Secrets," Lessons in Entrepreneurship Series, British Airways In-flight Magazine, July 2009.Nicholas Dew, Stuart Read, Saras Sarasvathy , and Robert. Wiltbank. "Effectual versus predictive logics in entrepreneurial decision-making: Differences between experts and novices, Journal of Business Venturing , Vol. 24, No. 4, July 2009, 287-309.Stuart Read and Saras D. Sarasvathy . "Idea Generation," Lessons in Entrepreneurship Series, British Airways In-flight Magazine, December 2009.S. Read, N. Dew, Saras D. Sarasvathy , and R. Wiltbank. "Marketing under uncertainty: The logic of an effectual approach," Journal of Marketing , Vol. 73, No. 3, May 2009, 1-18.Robert Wiltbank, Stuart Read, Nicholas Dew, and Saras D. Sarasvathy . "Preduction and control under uncertainty: Outcomes in angel investing," Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 24, No. 2, March 2009, 116-133.Susan S. Harmeling, Saras D. Sarasvathy , and R. Edward Freeman. "Related debates in ethics and entrepreneurship: Values, opportunities and contingency," Journal of Business Ethics , Vol. 84, No. 3, February 2009, 341-365.Nicholas Dew, Stuart Read, Saras D. Sarasvathy , and R. Wiltbank. "A behavioral theory of the entrepreneurial firm," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization , Vol. 66, No. 1, 2008, 37-59.Saras D. Sarasvathy , Nicholas Dew, Stuart Read, and R. Wiltbank. "Designing organizations that design environments: Lessons from entrepreneurial expertise," Organization Studies , Vol. 29, No. 3, 2008, 331-350.Nicholas Dew, Stuart Read, Saras D. Sarasvathy , and R. Wiltbank. "Immortal firms in mortal markets? An entrepreneurial perspective on the Innovator's Dilemma," European Journal of Innovation Management , Vol. 11, No. 3, 2008, 313-329. Saras Sarasvathy and M. Augier. "Integrating evolution, cognition and design: extending Simonian perspectives to strategic organization," in Fundamentals of Business Strategy , David J. Teece and Mie Augier, Sage Publications, London, March 2008.Saras D. Sarasvathy and Nicholas Dew. "Is Effectuation Lachmannian? A response to Chiles, Bluedorn, and Gupta (2007).," Organization Studies , Vol. 29, No. 2, February 2008, 239-245.Nicholas Dew, Stuart Read, Saras Sarasvathy , and R. Wiltbank. "Outlines of a behavioral theory of the entrepreneurial firm," Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization , Vol. 66, No. 1, April 2008.Saras D. Sarasvathy and Nicholas Dew. "Effectuation and over-trust: Debating Goel and Karri," Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice , Vol. 32, No. 4, July 2008, 727-737. Selected BooksRead, Stuart, Saras D. Sarasvathy , Nicholas Dew, Robert Wiltbank, and Anne-Valerie Ohlsson. Effectual Entrepreneurship . Oxford, UK: Rutledge, 2011.Sarasvathy, Saras D. , Nicholas Dew, and Sankaran Venkataraman. Made, as well as found: Researching Entrepreneurship as a Science of the Artificial . Yale University Press, 2009. Sarasvathy, Saras D. Effectuation: Elements of Entrepreneurial Expertise . Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009.MBA CoursesEntrepreneurial ThinkingStarting New VenturesFirst Year EthicsMarkets in Human HopeExecutive Education CoursesLeading Organic GrowthAdvancing knowledge through research that shapes business, Darden professors are recognized thought leaders in their fields. They are not only master case method teachers, they also author many of the cases used in Darden classrooms and around the world.Saras D. Sarasvathy's cases are available in the Darden Business Publishing website.